New Labour's PFI legacy poisons NHS
Placing a major healthcare trust in Whitehall-led administration could signal the break-up of the NHS under the cover of a financial crisis that is largely the result of the pro-business policies of previous New Labour governments.
South London Healthcare Trust, which serves a million people, runs three hospitals and employs more than 6,000 staff, is in deficit to the tune of more than £1 million a week.
At the heart of its financial crisis are payments on a contract to build two of the hospitals.
These were made under the so-called Private Finance Initiative, which Gordon Brown in particular championed in the 1997-2010 New Labour governments. Under PFI, the finished buildings are leased back to the local NHS, which pays mounting interest payments over 25 years and more.
The PFI schemes in south London, which totalled more than £1 billion, cost more than £60 million annually in interest payments alone. There are also exorbitant costs for maintenance and small improvements, which the contractors set fees for doing.
Draft financial plans submitted by the hospitals to the Department of Health show that it faces a shortfall in its accounts of between £30 million and £75 million annually over the next five years.
Health secretary Andrew Lansley’s unprecedented decision to put the trust into administration will lead to a break-up and transfer of existing services. Some could end up in the hands of the private sector. A similar fate awaits another 20 hospitals in financial difficulty.
PFI deals became widespread from the late 1990s as a way of building hospitals and schools without finding the money up front but at higher-than-average interest rates. The enthusiasm for PFI expressed New Labour’s championing of the private sector as a “partner” for the public sector.
But this was no equal partnership, with the state guaranteeing the fulfilment of high-cost contracts. Lansley intends that the South London PFI contract will be paid directly by his department.
Through a sleight of hand, the costs to the taxpayer do not figure in public accounts and so do not contribute officially to the budget deficit (which the Tories have lost control of, if today’s figures are anything to go by). Nevertheless, the total bill to the taxpayer over time is estimated at £229 billion on contracts valued at £62 billion.
In April a biting report by the National Audit Office found that each household will have to cough up nearly £400 next year to pay for hospitals, schools and motorways built under PFI.
The City firm Innisfree is the largest single investor in PFI, with money in 28 hospitals representing over 13,000 beds and 260 schools educating over 130,000 children. Innisfree’s profit margin was 53% in 2011. PFI is truly a licence to print money!
Some PFI rip-off examples include:
- a hospital which charged £52,000 for a job that cost £750. Demolishing a shelter for smokers resulted in the PFI contractor charging £2,600 a year for the “extra cleaning”.
- a hospital in Bromley, south London, which will cost the NHS £1.2billion, more than 10 times what it is worth
- an empty school which will cost taxpayers £370,000 a year until 2027. Another school had to pay £302 for a socket, five times the cost of the equipment it wanted to plug in
- in Belfast, a school closed after seven years but the PFI contractor must be paid £370,000 a year for the next 16 years.
John Lister, director of campaign group, Health Emergency, described PFI contracts as “a cosmic rip-off by almost every measure” which led to a “mass haemorrhaging of public cash”. He says:
It also means that private sector profits are protected by legally binding contracts taking an increased share of declining trust budgets, while clinical services, patient care and the jobs of NHS staff are sacrificed, in an impossible battle to balance the books as the NHS faces real-terms cuts for the first time in a decade.
With the Tories leaving PFI intact and preparing to launch a market-led health service on the unsuspecting public, the NHS has never been in such danger since it was founded in 1948.
26 June 2012